Funding for this research was provided by:
Medical Research Council (MR/N022556/1)
Wellcome Trust (098522)
Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología
College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh (Charles Darwin Scholarship)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-11-19
Received: 15 March 2019
Accepted: 6 November 2019
First Online: 19 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: For human fetal tissues, pregnant women undergoing elective termination gave informed consent and tissue was collected with ethical approval. This project is registered and approved under the project numbers: REC reference: LREC08/1101/1 and 08/H0906/21 + 5. Ethical approval was obtained for collection of postnatal human testis samples from Western General Hospital in Edinburgh (REC Reference: CitationRef removed/S1402/33), Erasmus MC-University Medical Center, Rotterdam (MEC 02.981 and CCR2041) and University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark (H-1-2012-007). Written informed consent was obtained for the use of all tissues included in the study.
: The study involves the use of tissues from anonymised and non-identifiable patients.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.