Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) KAKENHI (JP16H05287, JP19K17434)
Received: 2 September 2019
Accepted: 12 July 2020
First Online: 22 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: We used the pancreatic cancer cell lines (BxPC-3, Panc-1, and HPAF II) which were intended for research use only from the American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, VA, USA).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.