Funding for this research was provided by:
Midwest Nursing Research Association
University of Michigan School of Nursing
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (R01HS027846, R01HS027846, R01HS027846)
Received: 28 February 2022
Accepted: 16 August 2022
First Online: 3 September 2022
: The study was carried out in accordance with ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Michigan Medical School (IRBMED) with IRB # HUM00119771 and HUM00177643. All participants in the pilot study of patient-reported outcomes provided written informed consent. The access to all participants’ medical records and secondary use of their EHR data for research purposed were approved by the IRBMED.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declared no potential conflicts of competing interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.