Funding for this research was provided by:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
Ontario Health Data Platform
Received: 23 May 2022
Revised: 25 October 2022
Accepted: 31 October 2022
First Online: 4 November 2022
: ICES is an independent, non-profit research institute whose prescribed entity under Sect. 45 of <i>Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act</i> authorizes ICES to collect personal health information, without consent, for the purpose of analysis or compiling statistical information with respect to the management of, evaluation or monitoring of, the allocation of resources to or planning for all or part of the health system. Projects conducted under Sect. 45, by definition, do not require review by a Research Ethics Board. This project was conducted under Sect. 45, and approved by the ICES Privacy and Legal Office.
: Not applicable.
: No competing interests to declare.