Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (82272921)
Natural Science Foundation of Shanghai (22ZR1411000)
Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province (2022J011415)
Received: 22 August 2022
Accepted: 13 March 2023
First Online: 28 March 2023
: All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The Ethics Committee of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University (Shanghai, China) approved the review of the medical records (approval number: B2019-193R). Since this is a retrospective statistical analysis based on electronic health records collected as part of standard healthcare, without disclosing the patients’ identity, no individual patients were directly contacted for the data. The need of consent was waived by the institutional ethical committee of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.