Funding for this research was provided by:
Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program (27KT-0001, 27KT-0001, 27KT-0001, 27KT-0001)
Received: 6 March 2023
Accepted: 4 August 2023
First Online: 29 August 2023
: The authors declare no competing interests.
: This study was reviewed and a Waiver of Informed Consent was granted by the Sutter Health Institutional Review Board (SHIRB # 2018.023EXP), and all methods were conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. This study was approved by the Sutter Health Institutional Review Board.
: Not applicable.