Funding for this research was provided by:
Wellcome (107731/z/15/z, 220283/z/20/z)
Received: 8 April 2022
Accepted: 22 August 2023
First Online: 7 September 2023
: The study was approved by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) Ethics Committee (ref 16997) and CPRD’s Independent Scientific Advisory Committee (ISAC) (protocol 19_278).
: This study used only de-identified patient-level data, and therefore, individual informed consent was not required.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.