Funding for this research was provided by:
The Scientific and Technological Innovation Action Plan of Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (17511107900, 17511107901)
The Shanghai Three Year Public Health Action Program (GWIV-3.3)
Research Grant of Shanghai Municipal Commission of Health and Family Planning (20164Y0237)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81700844)
National Nature Science Foundation of China (81670898)
The Chronic Diseases Prevention and Treatment Project of Shanghai Shen Kang Hospital Development Centre (SHDC12015315, SHDC2015644)
The Shanghai Outstanding Academic Leader Program (16XD1402300)
Shanghai Municipal Education Commission—Gaofeng Clinical Medicine Grant Support (20172022)
Received: 15 January 2019
Accepted: 8 August 2019
First Online: 14 August 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention & Treatment Center. A written informed consent was obtained from each patient for the investigation.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.