Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81700844, 82071012)
Basic Research and Cultivation Project of Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Control Center (20JC01001)
Shanghai public health system construction three-year action plan (GWV-10.1-XK06)
Shanghai health systpublicem construction three-year action plan (GWV9.1)
Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Precise Diagnosis and Treatment of Eye Diseases, Shanghai, China (19DZ2250100)
Project of Shanghai Shen Kang Hospital Development Centre (SHDC2018110)
Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (20DZ1100200)
Shanghai General Hospital, Clinical Research (CTCCR-2018Z01)
Received: 13 June 2022
Accepted: 17 October 2022
First Online: 30 November 2022
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards of Shanghai General Hospital and adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. Written informed consent was obtained from all study participants before enrollment. All participants were compensated for participation in this study. Ethical approval Reference Number: 2017.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.