Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 3 April 2019
Accepted: 9 October 2019
First Online: 6 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All research conducted in preparation for, or as part of, the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging abides by the requirements of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and relevant institutions for ethical conduct and privacy protection in health research. The protocol of the CLSA has been reviewed and approved by 13 research ethics boards across Canada. The secondary analysis of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging data conducted in this paper was approved by the University of Toronto’s Health Sciences Research Ethics Board.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.