Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (MOST 104-2314-B-039-016 & MOST 105-2314-B-039-021-MY3 & MOST 105-2314-B-039-025 -MY3 & MOST 107-2314-B-039-049- & MOST 108-2314-B-039-039- & MOST 108-2314-B-039-035 -MY3 & MOST 108-2314-B-039-031-MY2)
National Health Research Institutes of Taiwan (NHRI-EX98-9838PI)
China Medical University Hospital (DMR-108-086)
Received: 1 December 2019
Accepted: 23 April 2020
First Online: 6 May 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Taichung Community Health Study for Elders (TCHS-E) was approved by the Human Research Committee (HRC) of China Medical University Hospital (DMR 97-IRB-055). Written informed consent was obtained from each participant for the first and second waves of data collection. The present study was also approved by the HRC (ExternalRef removed), the informed consent was not required because the study was a secondary data analysis.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.