Funding for this research was provided by:
Alberta Gambling Research Institute, University of Alberta
Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre
Received: 7 July 2020
Accepted: 14 December 2020
First Online: 7 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval for the QLS and LLLP were provided by the Human Subject Research Committees at original investigator’s academic institution. Informed written consent was obtained from all participants prior to completing the online survey, each year. Participants agreed to have their anonymized data used for secondary analyses such as the current study.
: The authors declare that there is no competing financial interest in relation to the submitted work.