Funding for this research was provided by:
Children's Investment Fund Foundation (208)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-04-11
Received: 18 December 2017
Accepted: 5 April 2018
First Online: 11 April 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study’s proposal inclusive of the statement on ethical considerations (and methods of consent) was approved by the KEMRI’s Scientific Steering Committee and the Ethics Review Committee (SSC No. 2206). Additional approval was provided by the county-level health and education authorities after they were appropriately briefed about the study. Since this was a cross-sectional study, at school-level, parents/guardians of all children in ECD class and those for classes 2–6 were called for a meeting in the school through the head teacher prior to the survey and the content of the survey explained to them. We used passive opt-out consent, where the parents/guardians were required only to return a signed form when they did not want their child to participate in the study. This kind of consenting was preferable due to the low risk nature of the study procedure and it ensured higher participation rate of the children and provided a more representative sample. Additionally, individual assent was obtained from each child before participation in the study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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