Funding for this research was provided by:
Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health (372547)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-07-03
Received: 5 January 2018
Accepted: 21 June 2018
First Online: 3 July 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Secondary data analysis was approved by the University of Ontario Institute of Technology’s Research Ethics Board (REB #1367). The full protocol for the CLSA was approved by various institutional review boards across seven different provinces through a collaborative process. Yearly amendments are also submitted to the collaborative process. Data are available from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging ( ExternalRef removed ) for researchers who meet the criteria for access to de-identified CLSA data.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.