Funding for this research was provided by:
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-11-06
Received: 9 August 2018
Accepted: 15 October 2018
First Online: 6 November 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All research participants will provide verbal or written consent for participation. In Malawi, participants will provide verbal consent to participate in the shortened household surveys. Written informed consent (for adults ages 18 years and older) or assent with parental consent (for adolescents ages 16–17 years) will be obtained from participants in the extended household survey. In Zambia, all survey participants will provide written consent and young adults (ages 16–17 years) will provide assent with parental consent. (Materials used for informed consent/assent are online at: ExternalRef removed).Ethical permission for the STAR-Malawi trial was granted by the University of Malawi College of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee in February 2016 and by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in April 2016. It is registered with clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02718274).Ethical permission for the STAR-Zambia trial was granted by the University of Zambia Biomedical Research Ethics Committee in February 2016 and the Zambian Medical Regulatory Authority (ZAMRA) in July 2016. It was approved by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in May 2016. It is registered with clinicaltrials.gov (NCT02793804)..
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.