Received: 8 October 2018
Accepted: 4 February 2019
First Online: 14 February 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Nepal Health Research Council and the ICF Institutional Review Board reviewed and approved the 2016 NDHS protocol. Household head, prior to interviews, provided written consent. The administrative permissions for data use was granted by the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program.
: Not applicable.
: Authors have no competing interest associated with this paper. One of the authors, Dr. Bipin Adhikari is on the editorial board of BMC Public Health.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.