Funding for this research was provided by:
Office of Justice Programs (2016-MU-MU-0064)
Received: 7 September 2018
Accepted: 29 April 2019
First Online: 17 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was reviewed by the Child Trends Institutional Review Board and deemed exempt from needing to gain consent from participants as it is a secondary data analysis. Ethics review of AddHealth as a whole has been conducted by the Institutional Review Board at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
: There are no materials here that require consent for publication.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.