Received: 14 September 2018
Accepted: 10 June 2019
First Online: 21 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe and the University of the Western Cape Ethics Committee approved ethical clearance for the primary study. The study was carried out in accordance with the WHO guidelines on researching violence against women and girls [CitationRef removed]. All women in the study voluntarily gave written consent to be part of the survey. The University of Witwatersrand’s Human Research Ethics Committee (Medical), granted ethics approval for the secondary data analysis. The secondary analysis used a de-identified dataset.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.