Received: 19 December 2018
Accepted: 11 June 2019
First Online: 21 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Australia drowning data ethics is provided by the Victorian Department of Justice Human Research Ethic Committee (JHREC) (CF/07/13729; CF/10/25057; CF/13/19798). The Drowning Prevention Research Centre Canada has individual research agreements in place with the provincial and territorial coroner’s and medical examiner’s offices. Water Safety New Zealand has agreements with Coronial Services New Zealand, the National Coronial Information System (Australia) (NZ008) and the New Zealand Ministry of Health (2007–0825) to access data in order to maintain DrownBase. The protocols of DrownBase access adhere to the principles of the New Zealand Privacy Act 1993. Ethics approval for this comparative, multi-country study (covering data from Australia, Canada and New Zealand) was provided by James Cook University Human Research Ethics Committee (H7399). Consent to participate was not gained as data is de-identified, reflects people who are deceased and reported in an aggregated manner. As such consent to participate was not required by ethics committees who provided approval for this research.
: Not applicable.
: The author’s declare they have no competing interests.