Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (DC013681)
Received: 18 November 2018
Accepted: 17 June 2019
First Online: 4 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The data for this study consisted of a de-identified dataset generated by the Behavioral Health Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey administered by the Arizona Department of Health Services in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control. In 2014, the researcher team proposed a state added question on self-reported hearing status to include on the 2015 BRFSS conducted within the state of Arizona. Data and materials produced by U.S. federal agencies are in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission. The University of Arizona Institutional Review Board waived human subjects review for this study because BRFSS data are in the public domain.
: The Arizona Department of Health Services gave their consent for the publication of this article.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.