Funding for this research was provided by:
Landeszentrum Gesundheit Nordrhein-Westfalen (not available)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-07-17
Received: 8 November 2018
Accepted: 24 June 2019
First Online: 17 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The OID survey was approved by the ethical committee of the University Medical Faculty in Bonn (No. 167/17). Respondents received information on study procedures, anonymity and confidentiality, and were informed that participation in the study was strictly voluntary both verbally and in writing. Formal consent requiring witnessed signature was not collected, however, the return of the anonymous questionnaire indicates consent from the participants for their data to be used in the study. Respondents could complete the questionnaire at the debt advisory centre or any other setting and return it using the stamped addressed envelope provided by mail or by handing the sealed envelope to one of the debt advisors. The DEGS1 study protocol was approved by the Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin ethics committee in September 2008 (No. EA2/047/08). Participants provided written informed consent prior to the interview and examination.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.