Funding for this research was provided by:
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2016-MU-MU-0064)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-11-12
Received: 26 July 2018
Accepted: 20 September 2019
First Online: 12 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics review of the entire Add Health Study has been managed and conducted by the University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill and their Institutional Review Board (IRB). This study and all relevant analyses were reviewed by Child Trends’ IRB and deemed exempt. As all analyses here are secondary data analyses and UNC is responsible for the data collection ethics review, this research is considered exempt.
: There are no materials here that require consent for publication.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.