Received: 8 July 2019
Accepted: 7 November 2019
First Online: 27 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical clearance was obtained from an Institutional Review Committee of Debre Markos University, College of Health Science, and Department of Public Health. Besides, a permission letter was also secured from Debre Markos Referral Hospital. As the study was conducted by retrospective reviewing medical records of HIV-positive adults, informed oral or written consent from the participants was not feasible. Therefore, the Institutional Review Committee formally waived consent. The main reason of ethics waiver was since the study used patient medical records, the individual participants were not subjected to any harm as much as confidentiality is kept. To maintain confidentiality, names or unique ART numbers were not included in the data extraction format. Moreover, collected data were not disclosed to anyone other than principal investigators.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.