Funding for this research was provided by:
US-INL (S1-32ADK-000008 and S1-32ADK-000062)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-05-07
Received: 24 June 2019
Accepted: 14 April 2020
First Online: 7 May 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Our pilot study has been thoroughly reviewed and approved by the UNODC Drug Prevention and Health Branch in the Headquarters office of Vienna and the national field office in Kabul as well as the associated national ministries (Afghan Ministry of Counter Narcotics, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Women Affairs and Ministry of Health) and NGOs that supported the programme. The study ethics was reviewed and approved by the National Drug Demand Reduction technical working group at the Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) as part of their mandate. The members of the national drug demand reduction technical group are also members of the national ethical review board based in the MOPH of Afghanistan. The technical working group recommended that no further ethical approval was necessary. The Strong Families programme has been reviewed and, after approval, has been integrated in the National Drug Demand Reduction policy 2019–2023 for Afghanistan, as well as the National Drug Demand Reduction Strategy 2018–2022. Further, the donor of the programme development and implementation, US-INL (Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs) under the U.S. Department of State, had reviewed and approved the proposal before the start of the trial. Our programme implementation was performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.All caregivers completed and signed a consent form at the first evaluation meeting, as all children were under the age of 16, they also signed as a legal guardian for their children. In addition to written information being provided in the form of the Participant Information Sheets for the caregiver, participants were provided with a verbal explanation of the evaluation method at the first meeting and again when they attended the first data collection session.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.