Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Saving Newborn Lives, OPP1084399)
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (HD060712)
Received: 24 January 2020
Accepted: 29 July 2020
First Online: 24 August 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Participants were given an information sheet and verbal instructions on the study during late pregnancy visits conducted by the trial field staff and then—if they agreed—they signed the informed consent form (or indicated consent with a mark). These documents were in the local languages (Maithili and Nepali) and were read aloud to women unable to read. Note that no participants were younger than 16 years old.Ethics approval for the trial was received from institutional review boards at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University in 2016. In both cases, this was submitted as an amendment to the broader protocol for the parent trial.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.