Received: 15 January 2020
Accepted: 14 October 2020
First Online: 28 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: “All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.” Verbal informed consent was obtained from all participants and parents/guardians for individuals under 16 years old with the approval of the French Personal Data Protection Authority (CNIL authorization 902057), the institutional review board (IRB) able to grant ethics approval for a study. According to French law, only “research organised and implemented on human beings in order to provide new medical or biological knowledge”, as defined by article L. 1121–1 and article R. 1121–1 of the Code de la santé publique, are compelled to receive the approval of ethics committee such as the Committee of Protection of Persons (CPP). This study is only based on anonymous/pseudonymised data collected from health professionals for the purpose of public interest mission relating to health surveillance, mission entrusted to Sante publique France by the French Law (article L. 1413–1 code de la sante publique). Therefore, this study restricted to the national surveillance data did not meet the criteria for study “organised and implemented on human beings in order to provide new medical or biological knowledge,” and did not require the approval of the CPP.
: “Not Applicable”.
: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.