Received: 3 October 2019
Accepted: 21 January 2020
First Online: 3 February 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval for the surveys was granted by the Ethics Committee of ORC Macro Inc. as well as Ethics Committees of the Ministries of Health in Sierra Leone, Niger, and Mali. Either written or verbal consent was provided by the women who participated in the surveys. For those below age 16, written informed consent was obtained from their parents or guardians. The authors had permission to use the dataset from MEASURE DHS after their request was granted on 15th March, 2019.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.