Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Nursing Research (R01NR018115)
Received: 15 January 2020
Accepted: 27 January 2020
First Online: 10 February 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Institutional Review Board (IRB) at the University of Illinois at Chicago (#2018–0845) and University of Malawi College of Medicine Research Ethics Committee (#P.10/18/2498) approved this study. We obtain written informed consent from all study participants.
: Not applicable.
: KFN serves as a volunteer member of the Advisory Board for Group Care Global, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting a group care model based on the CenteringPregnancy; there is no compensation for this service. The other authors declare that they have no competing interests.