Funding for this research was provided by:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (Applied Chair in Reproductive and Child Health Services)
Received: 26 May 2020
Accepted: 28 March 2021
First Online: 16 April 2021
: ICES is a prescribed entity under Ontario’s Personal Health Information Protection Act (PHIPA). Section 45<sup>1</sup> of PHIPA authorizes ICES to collect personal health information, without consent, for the purpose of analysis or compiling statistical information with respect to the management of, evaluation or monitoring of, the allocation of resources to or planning for all or part of the health system. Projects that use data collected by ICES under section 45 of PHIPA, and use no other data, are exempt from REB review. The use of the data in this project is authorized under section 45 and approved by ICES’ Privacy and Legal Office.1. Government of Ontario. Personal Health Information Protection Act, 2004, S.O. 2004, c. 3, Sched. <i>A. Ontario</i>; 2004. ExternalRef removed.
: All authors have no conflicts of interest/competing interest to disclose.