Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (Cooperative Agreement AID–OAA–A–14–00060)
Center for Academic Research and Training in Anthropogeny (B 8606.R02)
Received: 29 July 2020
Accepted: 20 April 2021
First Online: 27 April 2021
: Ethical approval to conduct this study was obtained from the College of Medicine Research Ethics Committee (COMREC) in Malawi (Ethics Approval Number: PP.01/17/2095), and from the University of the Witwatersrand Human Research Committee (HREC) in South Africa (Approval number: M181009) and from Population Council in the United States of America (Approval number: 784). Before engaging the VYA girls a parent or guardian were provided a written informed consent after which the VYA girl provided an assent.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.