Funding for this research was provided by:
canadian institutes of health research (201103SOK-118150, 2016PJT-152979)
Received: 13 July 2021
Accepted: 31 January 2022
First Online: 10 February 2022
: Given that this research did not involve human (or animal) participants, biological materials or the secondary use of personal information, ethics approval by University of Toronto Research Ethics Board was not required: ExternalRef removed. This is compliant with the Government of Canada’s Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (Articles 2.1 and 2.2): ExternalRef removed. However, ethics approval was obtained for the BIA-Obesity Canada 2017 project from the University of Toronto Research Ethics Board (protocol number: 00033857).
: Not applicable.
: MA was a Mitacs Elevate Postdoctoral Fellow and was jointly funded by the Government of Canada Mitacs program and Nestlé Research Center from September 2017 to September 2019. Prior coming to the University of Toronto, BFA was a PepsiCo Mexico employee. CM completed a Mitacs graduate student internship placement at Nestlé Canada, funded by the Government of Canada Mitacs program. MRL reports grants from the Retail Council of Canada, Program for Food Safety, Nutrition and Regulatory Affairs at the University of Toronto (with partial funding from Nestlé Canada), and Dairy Farmers of Canada; these grants are unrelated to the submitted work. None of these companies/organizations had any involvement in the present research. The other authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.