Received: 13 December 2021
Accepted: 21 March 2022
First Online: 13 April 2022
: The West Virginia University Institutional Review Board (IRB) approved this study. All methods were carried out in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and informed consent was obtained from all research participants.
: Not applicable.
: Alexander Y. Walley is the medical director of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health’s Opioid Overdose and Prevention Program, and he is the signer of the statewide naloxone standing order. The authors declare no relevant conflicts of interest or financial relationships.