Funding for this research was provided by:
Suez Canal University
Received: 11 January 2022
Accepted: 22 June 2022
First Online: 7 July 2022
: This study involved secondary data analysis of the National Child Labor Survey (NCLS) dataset. This dataset is a restricted-access data which is owned and controlled by the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) in Egypt. We sought the permission of CAPMAS for dataset access and acquisition, and we have complied with all guidelines required by the data controller prior to accessing the data. According to the International Ethical Guidelines for Health-related Research Involving Humans (by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS), 2016), this study did not require ethical approval given that all data were anonymized by the data controller and the intended use in current study falls within the scope of the original informed consent.
: Not Applicable since we did not use the data like name, images, ID number that reveals the participant’s identity.
: All authors declare that they have no competing interests as defined by BMC, or other interests that might be perceived to influence the results and/or discussion in this paper.