Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 21 January 2021
Accepted: 28 September 2021
First Online: 16 October 2021
: Each center obtained institutional review board (IRB) (ethics) approval, and enrolled study participants provided written informed consent. Study subject confidentiality was maintained according to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act requirements. All research was performed in accordance with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its amendments. Study sites, IRB committee names, and approval numbers follow: Mayo Clinic: Mayo Clinic IRB 18-011348; First Health Moore Regional Hospital: Western IRB 20183121; Massachusetts General Hospital: Dana Farber Cancer Institute IRB 19-209; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center: Dana Farber Cancer Institute IRB 19-209; Henry Ford Hospital: Henry Ford Health System IRB 12822; University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center: MD Anderson Cancer Center IRB IRB00006023.
: Not applicable.
: MJS has received research and manuscript support from Intuitive Surgical and consulting fees and research support from Gongwin Biopharm. MAP has received consulting and speaker fees and research support from Johnson & Johnson, Medtronic, BodyVision, and Intuitive Surgical; research support from Philips; speaker fees and research support from Biodesix; consulting and speaker fees from AstraZeneca; speaker fees from Boeinger-Ingleheim; speaker fees and research support from United Therapeutics; speaker fees and research support from Actelion; research support from Inivata; consulting fees from Boston Scientific; consulting fees from OncoSec; consulting fees from Ambu; consulting fees and stock from HealthMyne. JSR has received research support and an educational grant from Intuitive Surgical. DEO has received research support, a research grant, and consulting fees from Intuitive Surgical. AM has received research support from Intuitive Surgical, consulting fees from Olympus America, and a research grant from Bronchus Medical. CK has received consulting fees and research support from Intuitive Surgical. RFC has received research support from Olympus, Concordia, Intuitive Surgical, and Siemens and consulting fees from Olympus, Siemens, Intuitive Surgical, Johnson & Johnson, and Bronx. MSP has received research support and educational consultant fees from Intuitive Surgical. JD-M has received research support from Intuitive Surgical. SF-B has received research support from Intuitive Surgical. EEF has received a research grant from Intuitive Surgical and consulting fees from Boston Scientific and Medtronic.