Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 10 August 2018
Accepted: 25 November 2019
First Online: 5 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The biomechanics portion of the above study was conducted using only de-identified cadaveric specimens and is therefore not considered human subjects research. The study was reported via Human Research Determination Form to the institutional review board (IRB) of the University of Connecticut and it was documented, that no IRB approval was required. While this form does not require IRB review, we have confirmed with our IRB that projects conducted in our biomechanics laboratory that utilize de-identified specimens does not constitute human subjects research and therefore no review required. No consent was required for the biomechanical study.
: No consent for publication was needed, because of the de-identified data.
: The following authors declare that they have no competing interests: LP, CRD, EO, MDN, MC.The following authors declare that they have competing interests:FD received finical support from the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Technische Universität München for publication of this manuscript (processing fee).ADM. receives consultant fees and research support from Arthrex Inc.; AAR. receives consultant fees, royalties, and research support from Arthrex Inc. The University of Connecticut Health Center/UConn Musculoskeletal Institute has received direct funding and material support for this study from Arthrex Inc. The company had no influence on study design, data collection, interpretation of the results, or the final manuscript.None of the authors have non-financial competing interests.