Funding for this research was provided by:
Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Received: 19 December 2019
Accepted: 8 June 2020
First Online: 12 June 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (Research Ethics Board at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Ontario, REB# 13–156) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was not obtained from all individual participants included in the study. Rather, we obtained approval for use of de-identified quality assurance data for research purposes from the Research Ethics Board at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, Ontario (REB# 13–156).
: Not applicable.
: NKR, DEB, RS, EB, TI, DL, JW, RJ, and JEMS declare that they have no competing interests.