Funding for this research was provided by:
Beijing Jishuitan Hospital “Nova Program” (#XKXX201808)
Beijing Hospital Authority Youth Program (#QML20190403)
Beijing Jishuitan Hospital “Medical and Engineering Intersection Project” (#YGQ-201924)
Beijing “Ten, Hundred, Thousand” Medical Talents Project: “Application of computer navigation-assisted minimally invasive surgery and traditional surgery in lumbar degenerative disease”
Text and Data Mining valid from 2020-01-14
Received: 13 November 2019
Accepted: 7 January 2020
First Online: 14 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by the ethical committee of the Beijing Jishuitan Hospital (approval number: 201811–03) and the ethical committee of Shanghai Changzheng Hospital (approval number: 201812–01). Informed consent was waived because of the retrospective nature of the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.