Funding for this research was provided by:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (223354)
National Health & Medical Research (1054041)
National Health $ Medical Research (1061279)
Received: 24 February 2020
Accepted: 2 January 2021
First Online: 21 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval was obtained from the institutional ethics committee of Konan Women’s University. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants before the study and the study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.
: Not applicable.
: GLM has received support from: ConnectHealth UK, Seqirus, Kaiser Permanente, Workers’ Compensation Boards in Australia, Europe and North America, AIA Australia, the International Olympic Committee, Port Adelaide Football Club, Arsenal Football Club. No entities influenced this study. Professional and scientific bodies have reimbursed GLM for travel costs related to presentation of research on pain at scientific conferences/symposia. GLM has received speaker fees for lectures on pain and rehabilitation and receives book royalties from NOIgroup publications, Dancing Giraffe Press & OPTP for books on pain and rehabilitation.