Funding for this research was provided by:
Intuitive Surgical (The procedures were performed on the da Vinci Xi System that was provided by Intuitive., editorial assistance)
Received: 13 February 2019
Accepted: 16 July 2019
First Online: 23 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Ethics Committee of the Medical Faculty of the Christian-Albrechts-Universtität, Kiel, D 513/16. Informed written consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
: Written informed consent for publication of their clinical details and clinical images was obtained from the patient. A copy of the consent form is available for review by the Editor of this journal.
: JHB and CS are active as speakers for Johnson & Johnson Medical. JHB, TB, CS and JHE received grants for training with the da Vinci Xi Surgical System through Intuitive Surgical Sàrl. JHB and JHE work as proctors for Intuitive Surgical Sàrl. TB received the da Vinci® Xi Surgical System from Intuitive Surgical Sàrl for the purpose of clinical research. CS has a consulting contract with B. Braun, Melsungen AG. JNK and WS states that there is no conflict of interest. We declare that we have no further competing interests.