Received: 30 October 2019
Accepted: 20 January 2020
First Online: 31 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study uses data collected retrospectively as part of the South Australian Prostate Cancer Clinical Outcomes Collaborative Database. The database has been reviewed and approved by the Southern Adelaide Human Research Ethics Committee (307.14). The database informs participants about the study, and uses an approved opt-out consent process. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study (through the opt-out mechanism). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (Southern Adelaide Human Research Ethics Committee (307.14)) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
: Not applicable.
: MOC is a section editor for BMC-Urology but has not further conflicts of interest to declare. No other authors have any conflicts of interest to declare.