Received: 11 April 2020
Accepted: 3 September 2020
First Online: 7 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The National Research Ethics Review Guideline of The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia ( FDRE), Ministry of Science and technology, Sep/2014, uploaded at ExternalRef removed under Sect. 6.15 stated that, about waiver of informed consent or ethical documentation, if the research project carries there is no or no more than minimal risk, if the research or demonstration project is to be conducted and designed to explore public benefit or service programs; possible changes in or alternatives to those programs; possible changes in methods or levels of payment for benefits or services under those programs are waived or exempt from ethics approval and consent documentation. So, our research also basically focused on solving the local pastoralist community problem and included under this FDRE rule of waiver category of project items.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.