Funding for this research was provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (N01WH32122)
National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (DE13505, DE4898, DE022654, and DE024523)
U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School (DAMD17-96-1-6319)
Received: 15 April 2019
Accepted: 5 September 2019
First Online: 13 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Participants provided written informed consent for all components of the studies, which were conducted in accord with the Helsinki Declaration on human subjects research. Experimental protocols for the WHI study, the OsteoPerio study, and microbiome study detailed in this paper were approved by the Institutional Review Board at the University at Buffalo.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.