Funding for this research was provided by:
Global Affairs Canada (IDRC 108551-001/002)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (IDRC 108551-001/002)
International Development Research Centre (IDRC 108551-001/002)
Received: 30 December 2019
Accepted: 5 May 2020
First Online: 24 May 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Bauchi State Minstry of Health give ethical approval for the study on 19 June 2017 (NREC/12/05/2013/2017/21). The McGill University Faculty of Medicine IRB gave ethical approval on 25 September 2017 (A09-B60-17B). Men and women in the focus groups gave oral informed consent to participate in the discusssions. Both ethical committees approved the use of oral informed consent, agreeing that the study was minimal risk and recognising the low adult literacy in the study area.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.