Funding for this research was provided by:
Fogarty International Center (TW0009338)
Stanford Department of Pathology (Trainee grant)
Received: 5 December 2018
Accepted: 12 July 2020
First Online: 25 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval was granted by Stanford University (#37975), University of Zimbabwe (JREC 221/16), the Medical Research Council of Zimbabwe (MRCZ/A/2128), and the Research Council of Zimbabwe (No. 02921). In addition, the Provincial and District Medical Officers were notified, as well as headmen and villages during community meetings, after sensitization via training of community health workers prior to data collection. Women were informed that their participation was voluntary, they could withdraw at any time, that we would offer to test for HIV but they could refuse this testing or refuse to be notified of their result, and that all information regarding their HIV and HPV status would be kept confidential. Most women wanted to know their HIV and HPV results. Inclusion took place after individual informed consent signed electronically with a paper copy given to the participant. Informed consent (signature or witnessed thumbprint) was obtained from all participants prior to enrolment. Eligible women were interviewed by trained research data collectors on the research team using an electronic questionnaire to collect information on sociodemographic and reproductive information.
: All personal information was de-identified, and therefore additional consent for publication is not applicable.
: No competing interests to disclose from any of the authors related to the discussed content.