Funding for this research was provided by:
Doris Duke Charitable Foundation (2012064)
Received: 25 May 2020
Accepted: 23 November 2020
First Online: 8 January 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Penn State University Institutional Review Board (Protocol No. 40197), which provided ethical review, and due to the sensitive nature of this study, a Certificate of Confidentiality (CC-MH-12-204) was obtained from the National Institutes of Mental Health for this research. All women reviewed a written informed consent, all had the opportunity to ask further questions of the investigator team and participate in a verbal consent procedure. All participants consented to participate in this research, and all questions from potential participants were answered prior to their participation in this research. For this research, a signed consent was not required, as the IRB and investigators felt that linking the participants with their participation in this research through a signed document was not in the best interest of this vulnerable population. However, all participants documented their consent for participation by indicating on the survey that they understood the consent and agreed to participate. After ethical review, these protocols were approved by the IRB, and were designed with the intent maximize participant anonymity, safety and confidentiality.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they do not have any competing interests.