Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute (3P30CA013330-43S1A)
National Institutes for Allergy and Infectious Diseases (5U01AI096299-04)
Received: 31 December 2019
Accepted: 4 February 2021
First Online: 18 February 2021
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The Institutional Review Boards of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York and the National Research Ethics Committee in Cameroon granted ethical approval for the study. All participants received information about the study and signed written informed consent to participate in the study.
: Not applicable.
: The author declare that they have no competing interests. This study received Xpert HPV tests from Cepheid (Sunnyvale, CA, USA) at a reduced cost. Dr. Castle has received HPV tests and assays for research from Roche, Becton Dickinson, Cepheid, and Arbor Vita Corporation at a reduced or no cost.