Received: 27 April 2021
Accepted: 24 December 2021
First Online: 26 January 2022
Change Date: 15 November 2022
Change Type: Correction
Change Details: A Correction to this paper has been published:
Change Details: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-022-02047-8
: The study has been reviewed and approved by the IRB at the University of Pennsylvania and was conducted in accordance with all applicable University of Pennsylvania human subjects research requirements as well as applicable federal regulations. This study was reviewed and deemed exempt by the Institutional Review Board at the University of Pennsylvania. The study met eligibility criteria for IRB review exemption authorized by 45 CFR 46.104, category 4. As part of the exemption determination, a waiver of the HIPAA authorization requirement was granted as authorized by 45 CFR 164.512. An expedited review procedure was used for the HIPAA authorization waiver because the research involves no more than minimal risk to the privacy of the individuals who are the subject of the protected health information for which use or disclosure is being sought. Informed consent was waived since this was a secondary database analysis.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.