Received: 6 September 2021
Accepted: 17 October 2022
First Online: 2 December 2022
: High international ethical standards are ensured for MEASURE DHS surveys as ethical approval from the country is obtained from a national ethical review board and well-informed verbal consent is sought from the respondents prior to data collection. This study uses anonymized secondary data from the 2012 and 2017 Indonesia demographic and health surveys (IDHS) program and ethical approval was not required. All methods of data collection were performed in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations. This data set was obtained from the MEASURE DHS website (URL: ExternalRef removed) after getting their permission and no formal ethical clearance was obtained since we conducted secondary analysis of publicly available data.
: The study utilised publicly available data, thus consent to publish was not applicable.
: The author declare that they have no competing interests.