Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Education (Chinese Medicine Research Center, China Medical University, under the Featured Areas Research Center Program within the framework of the Higher Education Sprout Project)
Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW107-TDU-B-212-123004, MOHW107-TDU-B-212-114024)
China Medical University Hospital (DMR-106-183)
Received: 31 March 2018
Accepted: 15 November 2018
First Online: 29 November 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study followed the ethical standards of the responsible committee and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. All the datasets were de-identified and encrypted before released by the National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan. All of the individuals or care providers could not be identified in the database. Patient consent was exempted for the total anonymity of all research data in this study. Therefore, the Research Ethics Committee of China Medical University and Hospital approved this study and waived the requirement for informed consent (CMUH104-REC2–115).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
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