Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (20fk0108137h)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (20KK0152)
Received: 24 June 2021
Accepted: 10 March 2022
First Online: 12 May 2022
: This study was performed in strict accordance with the recommendations of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. The protocol was approved by the Committee on the Ethics of Animal Experiments at Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Japan (permit numbers 19–185, 20–157, 21–32). <i>Plasmodium</i> parasites preparation on human RBCs, was maintained based on the ethical review of Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro, Japan (permit number 2011-06-3). For plant collection, no specific licenses were required for field studies. Collection was performed according to the approval, guidelines, and rules of South Valley University, Qena, Egypt. The surveyed locations were not protected or privately-owned and did not include any protected or endangered Egyptian plant species.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.